Cartoons like this published in the St. Louis Republic aimed to convince readers that the German-language press in the United States did not provide education but instead served as a tool for German propagandists. Although the publisher and editor of the newspaper appreciated the contributions of Germans like Carl Schurz and Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben, by April 1918, they also initiated a city-wide campaign to rename German-sounding street names with American names. For example, Berlin Avenue became Pershing Avenue, and Kaiser Street became Gresham Street. These examples reveal only a few of the ways that Missourians with German heritage were treated throughout World War I.
Subject: German Americans; Language; Art; World War, 1914-1919; Political cartoons
Collection Name: Collection 3223, WWI, Newspaper Clippings, Manuscript Collection
Contributing Institution: The State Historical Society of Missouri
Rights: No known copyright restrictions.
Region: St. Louis Metro