Missouri State Capitol Building

1917 - Present

When Missouri was granted statehood in 1821, the state’s first legislators sought out a location for a permanent capitol. They settled on a site that would eventually be Jefferson City, chosen for its central location and proximity to the Missouri River. St. Charles served as the seat of government until the new capitol could be constructed.

In 1826, the first Missouri State Capitol building in Jefferson City was completed on the present site of the Governor’s mansion. This structure was destroyed by a fire in 1837. Another capitol building was built overlooking the Missouri River in 1840. Fire also destroyed this capitol building in 1911 after lightning struck the dome. The present capitol was completed in 1917 and stands upon the same ground as its predecessor.

The capitol is designed in the Roman renaissance style standing on 285 concrete piers covering nearly 3 acres. It is constructed of marble from Carthage and Springfield. The grand staircase leading to the main entrance is one of the capitol’s most notable features, expanding 30 feet and stretching three stories. The dome of the capitol stands 240 feet high and is adorned with a bronze statue of Ceres, goddess of grain and agriculture, to symbolize the state’s agricultural heritage. 

Object Details

Categories: Cities & Towns, Politics & Government

Date: 1917 - Present

Subject: Missouri State Capitol (Jefferson City, Mo.)

Contributing Institution: Springfield-Greene County Library

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County: Cole

Region: Central

Type: Photograph

Latitude: 38.578664

Longitude: -92.173582

Photographer: Ben Divin